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Andrija Mohorovicic Geophysical Institute, University of Zagreb
Native name
Geofizički zavod Andrija Mohorovičić - Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Horvatovac 95
+385 1 460 5900
+385 1 468 0331
Centre Website

organisation profile

The origins of the Department of Geophysics date back to the 1861 when the first organized meteorological measurements in Croatia were carried out. Its activity gradually broadened, to include other geophysical disciplines: physics of the atmosphere, physics of the solid Earth and physics of the sea. Already in 1862 weather reports were being published in Zagreb, and by the end of the 19th century Andrija Mohorovicic, the director of the former Geophysical Institute, published the first weather forecasts. At that time Geophysical Institute was responsible for the macroseismic data collection, and the first seismographs were obtained soon afterwards. In order to improve the measurements, the time service was established - the canon on the Lotrscak tower was fired every noon since 1876 and the time signal was broadcast by the Zagreb radio since 1926. As the network of meteorological stations increased, it was separated from the Geophysical Institute in 1946 when the Institute became a unit of the Faculty of Science.

Seismological Survey of the Republic of Croatia operates in the framework of the Department, and covers macroseismic and microseismic data acquisition and processing. The instrumental data are provided by the network of five permanent seismological stations and 15 accelerographs deployed on the Croatian territory. Its task is to observe and analyze vibrations of the ground caused by local as well as world-wide earthquakes. Mareographic station in Bakar records level of the Adriatic Sea since 1929, while the solar radiation is measured at the Puntijarka Observatory since 1959. Measurements of standard meteorological elements (pressure, air and soil temperature, precipitation, wind speed and wind direction, relative humidity, global and diffusive radiation) and UV radiation have been carried out by automatic meteorological station at Horvatovac since 1987 and 1998, respectively. Scientific activities of the Department of Geophysics include research of earthquakes, physical properties of the Earth's crust, physical processes in the Adriatic Sea weather, climate interaction of physical phenomena in the atmosphere and the and physico-chemical changes in the atmosphere related to climate changes and man-made. The research is mostly related to the Croatian region, but some results are of universal importance. Department of Geophysics of the Faculty of Science consists of the Andrija Mohorovicic Geophysical Institute and the Seismological Survey of the Republic of Croatia.

results in other services

  • Marine environmental research project (EDMERP)
  • Marine environmental databases (EDMED)

edmo metadata

EDMO record id
Collating centre
Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries (IOF)
Latest update
9 March 2017 8:28:04 AM